引用本文:李旭文,牛志春,姜晟,侍昊.环境监测卫星Suomi NPP业务特性及生态环境监测应用[J].环境监控与预警,2014,6(3):1-6
LI Xu-wen, NIU Zhi-chun, JIANG Sheng, SHI Hao.Operational Characteristics of Environmental Monitoring Satellite Suomi NPP and Usage in Ecological Environment Monitoring[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2014,6(3):1-6
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环境监测卫星Suomi NPP业务特性及生态环境监测应用
李旭文,牛志春,姜晟,侍昊
江苏省环境监测中心
摘要:
介绍了美国2011年10月发射的环境监测卫星Suomi NPP的业务特性,利用该卫星获取的可见光/红外成像辐射仪 VIIRS遥感影像资料,开展了其在江苏省生态环境监测工作中应用效果研究。结果表明,NPP卫星VIIRS载荷可有效地对 江苏省太湖蓝藻水华、秸秆焚烧火点等进行遥感监测和分析,且观测性能较MODIS有所优化,还提供了夜间灯光强度、气 溶胶、大气颗粒物等遥感产品,是生态环境监测的新型遥感信息源,可提升宏观生态环境问题的遥感监测能力。 关键词: 环境监测;卫星遥感;Suomi NPP;VIIRS;生态评价
关键词:  环境监测  卫星遥感  Suomi NPP  VIIRS  生态评价
DOI:
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基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项 (2013ZX07502001-05);环保公益性行业科研专项(201309008); 全国生态环境十年变化(2000-2010年)遥感调查与评估-江苏 省专题(STSN-05-10)
Operational Characteristics of Environmental Monitoring Satellite Suomi NPP and Usage in Ecological Environment Monitoring
LI Xu-wen, NIU Zhi-chun, JIANG Sheng, SHI Hao
Abstract:
The operational characteristics of environmental monitoring satellite, Suomi NPP, which was launched in October 2011, was presented. To explore the application potential of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite(VIIRS). It is shown that sen- sors onboard NPP such as VIIRS and OMPS have been of great value for monitoring Cyano-bacteria blooms in Lake Taihu, fire burn- ing spots of crop stub during the harvest session, and show better performance than predecessor MODIS. Furthermore, NPP sensors have been providing a variety of data products for monitoring night lighting intensity, aerosol, and particulate matter in the atmos- phere. They are new remote sensing data sources and can play important role in promoting the capabilities of monitoring ecological environment.
Key words:  Environmental Monitoring  Satellite remote sensing  Suomi NPP  VIIRS  Ecological analysis