引用本文:姜晟,卢刚,陈成,许志波.东太湖湖滨带近三十年生态环境变化遥感分析与评价[J].环境监控与预警,2017,9(3):11-14
JIANG Sheng, LU Gang, CHEN Cheng, XU Zhi bo.Analysis and Evaluation the Environmental Changes of East Taihu Lakeside Zone by Remote Sensing Data in the Past Three Decades[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2017,9(3):11-14
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1142次   下载 977 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
东太湖湖滨带近三十年生态环境变化遥感分析与评价
姜晟,卢刚,陈成,许志波1,2,3,4
1.江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210036;2.江苏省太湖野外水质与蓝藻综合观测站,江苏 苏州 215164;3.江苏省测绘工程院,江苏 南京 210013;4.国家测绘地理信息局卫星测绘技术与应用重点实验室,江苏 南京 210013
摘要:
利用Landsat系列卫星遥感影像对东太湖湖滨带1984—2015年生态环境变化状况进行了解译与分析。结果表明,东太湖湖滨带生态环境变化明显,人类活动影响显著;水域湿地面积有一定上升,农田持续减少,建设用地扩张约1倍;湿地类别受水产养殖活动影响较大,20世纪90年代最为明显。2010年后环保部门推动落实生态修复、航道疏浚和清淤工程,有效改善了东太湖湖滨带的水生态状况。
关键词:  东太湖  湖滨带  生态环境  遥感
DOI:
分类号:X87
文献标识码:A
基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金资助项目(1621)
Analysis and Evaluation the Environmental Changes of East Taihu Lakeside Zone by Remote Sensing Data in the Past Three Decades
JIANG Sheng, LU Gang, CHEN Cheng, XU Zhibo1,2,3,4
1. Jiangsu Environmental Monitoring Center, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210036, China;2. Taihu Water Quality and Cyanobacteria Comprehensive Observation Station in Jiangsu, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215164, China;3.3. Jiangsu  Mapping & Surveying Engineering Institute, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210013, China;4. Key Laboratory of Satellite Mapping Technology and Application, NASG, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210013, China
Abstract:
This article analyzed the ecological environment changes of East Taihu lakeside zone from 1984 to 2015 based on five remote sensing images from Landsat series of satellites, and then discussed the change process and reasons of wet wetland, farmland and construction land. After that, it also got the data of area transformation between natural and artificial wetland. The results showed that the ecological environment of East Taihu lakeside zone changed significantly during the past three decades, which was affected deeply by human activities. After 2010, ecological dredging and other restoration projects improved the natural wetland environment effectively.
Key words:  East Taihu  Lakeside zone  Ecological environment  Remote sensing