引用本文:王大春,陈璞珑,黄图南,束蕾,王体健.宜兴市臭氧和挥发性有机物的浓度特征研究[J].环境监控与预警,2017,9(3):56-61
WANG Da chun,CHEN Pu long,HUANG Tu nan,SHU Lei,WANG Ti jian.Study on Concentration Characteristics of O3 and VOCs in Yixing[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2017,9(3):56-61
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宜兴市臭氧和挥发性有机物的浓度特征研究
王大春,陈璞珑,黄图南,束蕾,王体健1,2,3
1. 宜兴市环境监测站,江苏 宜兴 214206;2. 南京大学大气科学学院,江苏 南京 210023;3.南京大学环境规划设计研究院有限公司, 江苏 南京 210093
摘要:
于2016年对宜兴市大气挥发性有机物(VOCs)和臭氧(O3)的变化特征进行了分析。结果表明,宜兴市O3年均值为62.92 μg/m3 ,其中冬季值最低(31.19 μg/m3),夏季值最高(94.96 μg/m3)。φ(VOCs)为(11.00~42.45)×10-9,其中丙酮(12.7%)、乙酸乙酯(8.8%)和丙烯(3.3%)等在VOCs中占比位于前3位。各站点φ(甲苯)/φ(苯)>2,全年的φ(甲苯)/φ(苯)> φ(乙苯)/φ(苯)>φ(间、对二甲苯)/φ(苯)。指出VOCs主要来源为有机溶剂和道路交通,并受到一定的外来输送影响。各站点φ(VOCs)/φ(NOx)为0.94~2.44,O3处于VOCs敏感区。
关键词:  宜兴  挥发性有机物  臭氧
DOI:
分类号:X511
文献标识码:B
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(91544230)
Study on Concentration Characteristics of O3 and VOCs in Yixing
WANG Dachun,CHEN Pulong,HUANG Tunan,SHU Lei,WANG Tijian1,2,3
1. Environmental Monitoring Center of Yixing, Yixing,Jiangsu 214200,China;2. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing,Jiangsu 210023,China;3. Nanjing University Academy of Environmental Planning & Design Co. Ltd., Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093,China
Abstract:
In 2016, VOC samples were collected and analyzed in Yixing City, meanwhile, the real-time monitoring of ozone was carried out. The results show that the ozone concentration in Yixing is relatively high and it has obvious seasonal variation. In 2016, the annual concentration of O3 was 62.92 μg/m3 in Yixing, where there were the lowest O3concentration (31.19 μg/m3) in winter and the highest O3concentration (94.96 μg/m3) in summer. The concentration of VOCs was between (11.00~42.45)×10-9,acetone(12.7%), acetate(8.8%) and ethyl propylene(3.3%) made a great contribution to the total VOCs. The ratio of Toluene/Benzene of each site was greater than 2, which indicated that the main source of VOCs was organic solvent and road traffic. The annual ratios of Toluene/Benzene,Ethylbenzene/Benzene and Xylene/Benzene ranked in a descending order, which showed the concentration of VOCs in Yixing was affected by the external transportation. The ratio of VOCs to NOx was between 0.94~2.44, Yixing was in the VOCs sensitive area, which suggested that reduction of VOCs may lead to reduction of O3 level.
Key words:  Yixing  Volatile organic compounds  O3