引用本文:蔡小虎,蔡述伟,邵威,时磊.气相色谱-热导检测器测定页岩气组分的研究[J].环境监控与预警,2018,10(6):32-34
CAI Xiao hu,CAI Shu wei,SHAO Wei,SHI Lei.Determination of Shale Gas Composition by Gas Chromatography[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2018,10(6):32-34
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气相色谱-热导检测器测定页岩气组分的研究
蔡小虎,蔡述伟,邵威,时磊
中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心,江苏 南京 210016
摘要:
建立了气相色谱-热导检测器法测定页岩气中氮气、甲烷、一氧化碳、二氧化碳、乙烷、丙烷、异丁烷和正丁烷等组分的方法,检测数据利用仪器工作站采集和输出,采用保留时间定性,校正归一(扣除空气)法定量计算。方法的相对标准偏差(n=6)为0.03%~4.88%,检出限为0.03%~0.06%,相对误差≤4%,方法具有较好的准确度和精密度,且快速、简便,可用于大批量页岩气样品组分的分析。
关键词:  页岩气  组分  气相色谱  校正归一法
DOI:
分类号:O657.7
文献标识码:A
基金项目:中国地质调查局地质调查基金资助项目(DD20160180);国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2017YFF0206804)
Determination of Shale Gas Composition by Gas Chromatography
CAI Xiao hu,CAI Shu wei,SHAO Wei,SHI Lei
Nanjing Center, China Geological Survey,Nanjing, Jiangsu 210016,China
Abstract:
The components of nitrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ethane, propane, isobutane and n butane in shale gas were determined by gas chromatography coupled with thermal conductivity detector. The test data were collected and output by the instrument workstation. Retention time was used for qualitative analysis and correction normalization method was adopted for quantitative analysis (by subtracting air). The relative standard deviations (n=6) of the measured value were between 0.03% and 4.88%, and the volume percentage of the detection limit were between 0.03% and 0.06%. The results show that the relative error of the measured value were less than 4%, which indicates that the method has good accuracy and precision. Also, the method is rapid and simple, and can be used for the analysis of composition of bulk shale gas sample.
Key words:  Shale gas  Composition  Gas chromatograph  Correction normalization