引用本文:胡冠九, 张涛,邓爱萍,高占啟,王荟,张蓓蓓.我国环境与健康工作若干问题思考[J].环境监控与预警,2021,13(5):8-13
HU Guan-jiu, ZHANG Tao , DENG Ai-ping , GAO Zhan-qi, WANG Hui, ZHANG Bei-bei.Some Thoughts on the Work of Environment and Health in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(5):8-13
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我国环境与健康工作若干问题思考
胡冠九, 张涛,邓爱萍,高占啟,王荟,张蓓蓓1,2
1. 国家环境保护地表水环境有机污染物监测分析重点实验室,江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019;2. 江苏省太湖水质监测中心站,江苏 南京 210019
摘要:
简述了环境与健康的概念与工作任务、环境健康风险评估的内涵与方法,结合我国环境与健康法规标准及调查研究现状、生态环境部门环境与健康工作职能等,分析了目前我国环境与健康管理工作中存在的问题。提出,强化环境与健康工作的制度体系及技术体系,建立环境与健康综合监测体系,加强环境与健康调查研究及信息平台建设,加快建立环境健康风险管理机制以及提升公众环境与健康素养水平等方面的工作建议,为推进环境健康风险管理融入我国现有生态环境管理制度提供参考。
关键词:  环境与健康  风险评估  工作职能  管理制度  综合监测
DOI:
分类号:X321;R12
基金项目:江苏省环保科研课题基金资助项目(2018002)
Some Thoughts on the Work of Environment and Health in China
HU Guan-jiu, ZHANG Tao , DENG Ai-ping , GAO Zhan-qi, WANG Hui, ZHANG Bei-bei1,2
1. State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Analysis for Organic Pollutants in Surface Water, Jiangsu Provincial Environmental Monitoring Center, Nanjing,Jiangsu 210019, China;2. Jiangsu Provincial Water Monitoring Center of Lake Taihu, Nanjing,Jiangsu 210019, China
Abstract:
The concept and task of environment and health, and also the intrinsic meaning and method of environmental health risk are introduced. Combining with the standards, practical investigations on environment and health in China, and the duty of the ecological environment departments, the problems in the field of environment and health of our country are analyzed briefly. Some suggestions for the environment and health work are introduced, for example, strengthening the regulation and technology systems, establishing the comprehensive monitoring systems, enhancing the investigation and building the information platform, building the regulatory mechanism based on environment health risk, and increasing the citizens health literacy. This paper can provide support for the integration of risk management into our existing regulations on the ecological environment.
Key words:  Environment and health  Risk assessment  Duty  Management system  Comprehensive monitoring