引用本文:只艳,徐伟攀,於方,张衍燊.《生态环境健康风险评估技术指南 总纲》(HJ 1111—2020)解读[J].环境监控与预警,2021,13(5):71-74
ZHI Yan, XU Wei-pan, YU Fang, ZHANG Yan-shen.TheInterpretation of “Technical Guidelines for Eco environmental Health Risk Assessment General Principles”(HJ 1111-2020)[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(5):71-74
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《生态环境健康风险评估技术指南 总纲》(HJ 1111—2020)解读
只艳,徐伟攀,於方,张衍燊
生态环境部环境规划院,环境与健康研究中心,北京 100012
摘要:
《生态环境健康风险评估技术指南 总纲》(HJ 1111—2020)(以下简称《总纲》)的发布实施对提高我国生态环境管理规范化和精细化水平具有重要意义。简述了国内外相关标准现状,分析了《总纲》的主要内容,从标准名称、标准定位、术语定义、标准应用等方面进行了解读。提出,应优先制定危害识别、危害表征、暴露评估和风险表征专项技术规范;按照《总纲》和基础方法类技术导则的相关要求,制定应用领域风险评估技术导则;结合化学品管理领域的试行技术导则推广使用中存在的问题逐步修〖JP〗改完善。建立健全生态环境健康风险评估技术指南体系,提升生态环境管理决策科学水平,保障公众健康。
关键词:  生态环境  健康风险评估  环境管理
DOI:
分类号:X820.4
基金项目:江苏省环保科研课题基金资助项目(2018001)
TheInterpretation of “Technical Guidelines for Eco environmental Health Risk Assessment General Principles”(HJ 1111-2020)
ZHI Yan, XU Wei-pan, YU Fang, ZHANG Yan-shen
Center of Environmental Health, Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100012,China
Abstract:
The “Technical guidelines for eco environmental health risk assessment General principles” (HJ 1111—2020) (herein referred to as the “General principles”) was of great significance to improving the standardization and refinement of ecological environment management in China. Based on the elaborations on current status of eco environmental health risk assessment standards at home and abroad, this article analyzed the main contents of the guideline,and interpreted it from the aspects of standard name, standard positioning, term definition, standard application and so on.It is proposed that special technical specifications for hazard identification, hazard characterization, exposure assessment and risk characterization should be given priority;formulate the technical guidelines for risk assessment in the application field according to the requirements of the guideline and the technical guidelines for basic methods;combined with the problems existing in the popularization and use of the 〖JP3〗pilot technical guidelines in the field of chemical management, it shall be gradually revised and improved. It also proposed to establish a sound technical guidance system for eco environmental health risk assessment, so as to promote the scientific level of eco environmental management and ensure the public health.
Key words:  Eco environment  Health risk assessment  Environmental management