引用本文:毛成责,张咏,李继影,朱泽斌,吕学研,王晨波,卜亚谦,杨雅楠.重点生物物种保护率试点监测研究[J].环境监控与预警,2023,15(4):6-13
MAO Chengze,ZHANG Yong,LI Jiying,ZHU Zebin,LV Xueyan,WANG Chenbo,BU Yaqian,YANG Yanan.Pilot Monitoring Research of Conservation Rate of Key Species[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2023,15(4):6-13
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重点生物物种保护率试点监测研究
毛成责1,张咏1*,李继影2,朱泽斌3,吕学研1,王晨波1,卜亚谦1,杨雅楠1
1.江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019;2.江苏省苏州环境监测中心,江苏 苏州 215204; 3.江苏省盐城环境监测中心,江苏 盐城 224000
摘要:
为探索重点生物物种保护率监测方法并实践应用,选取昆山和射阳作为试点县域开展重点生物物种保护率监测研究。结果显示,共监测到重点生物物种87种,其中动物79种,植物8种。受威胁物种39种,其中极危物种5种,濒危物种19种,易危物种15种。重点保护物种79种,其中一级保护野生动植物28种,二级保护野生动植物51种;昆山和射阳的重点生物物种保护率分别为97.73%和100%。提出,为实现重点生物物种保护率监测工作的业务化运行,支撑重点生物物种和生物多样性保护管理,需要不断加强生物多样性观测能力建设,建立生物多样性监测长效机制,完善生物多样性物种信息数据库;各相关部门应统筹协调,整合资源,形成合力,实现重点生物物种、生物多样性和生态系统的监测、管理和保护的协调统一。
关键词:  重点生物物种  重点生物物种保护率  监测  物种组成  空间分布
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2023.04.002
分类号:X835
基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金资助项目(2219);江苏省生态环境科研课题(2020009,2020010,2021004)
Pilot Monitoring Research of Conservation Rate of Key Species
MAO Chengze1, ZHANG Yong1*,LI Jiying2,ZHU Zebin3,LV Xueyan1, WANG Chenbo1,BU Yaqian1, YANG Yanan1
1.Jiangsu Provincial Environmental Monitoring Center,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210019,China; 2.Jiangsu Suzhou Environmental Monitoring Center, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215204, China; 3.Jiangsu Yancheng Environmental Monitoring Center,Yancheng,Jiangsu 224000 China
Abstract:
In order to explore the monitoring method of conservation rate of key biological species and put it into practice, pilot monitoring research of conservation rate of key biological species was carried out in Kunshan and Sheyang county. The results showed that a total of 87 key biological species were recorded, including 79 kinds of animals and 8 kinds of plants. 39 species were threatened species,including 5 critically endangered species, 19 endangered species and 15 vulnerable species. 79 species were wildlife species under state protection, including 28 species from wildlife under first class protection and 51 species from wildlife under second class protection. Conservation rate of key biological species of Kunshan and Sheyang was 97.73% and 100% respectively. In order to realize the operational application of the monitoring of conservation rate of key species, support the biodiversity and key species protection and management, we should constantly strengthen biodiversity monitoring capability, establish long term mechanism of biodiversity monitoring, improve species information of the provincial biodiversity. All relevant departments should co ordination with each other, integrate resources and form a cohesive force to realize the coordination of the monitoring, management and conservation work of key species and biodiversity.
Key words:  Key biological species  Conservation rate of key species  Monitoring  Species composition  Spatial distribution