引用本文:彭智奇,尹明明,沈明明,孙长海,王备新.森林、茶园和菜园3种土地利用类型下的蝴蝶群落物种与功能多样性比较研究[J].环境监控与预警,2022,14(4):11-18
PENG Zhi-qi, YIN Ming-ming, SHEN Ming-ming, SUN Chang-hai, WANG Bei-xin.A Comparison of Butterfly Species and Functional Diversity Among Three Land Use Types of Forest, Tea Garden and Vegetable Garden[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2022,14(4):11-18
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森林、茶园和菜园3种土地利用类型下的蝴蝶群落物种与功能多样性比较研究
彭智奇,尹明明,沈明明,孙长海,王备新
南京农业大学,植物保护学院,江苏 南京 210014
摘要:
土地利用变化是蝴蝶多样性丧失的重要原因,为探究森林转变为茶园与菜园后蝴蝶多样性的变化特点,于2019年4—10月采用样线法在江苏宝华山逐月调查了上述3种土地利用类型下的蝴蝶多样性。调查结果显示,共监测到蝴蝶5科47属62种;森林的Shannon Wiener多样性指数、Margalef丰富度指数和Pielou均匀度指数均高于茶园和菜园,但Simpson优势度指数茶园最高;功能丰富度指数(Fric)、二次熵指数(RaoQ)都是森林显著高于其他2种土地利用类型,但菜园的Fric显著高于茶园;功能离散度指数(Fdiv)和功能均匀度指数(Feve)3种土地利用类型间无显著差异。蝴蝶群落物种和功能多样性与植被类型及其时空变化有明显的相关性,土地利用变化等人类活动对蝶类群落多样性有破坏作用。
关键词:  宝华山  蝴蝶  物种多样性  功能多样性  相关性
DOI:
分类号:X176
基金项目:江苏省生态环境科研课题基金资助项目(2019002)
A Comparison of Butterfly Species and Functional Diversity Among Three Land Use Types of Forest, Tea Garden and Vegetable Garden
PENG Zhi-qi, YIN Ming-ming, SHEN Ming-ming, SUN Chang-hai, WANG Bei-xin
College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing,Jiangsu 210095, China
Abstract:
Land use change is an important driver for the loss of butterfly diversity. In order to explore the changing characteristics of butterfly diversity after the forest was transformed into tea garden and vegetable garden, this paper investigated the butterfly diversity monthly in the above three land uses from April to October 2019 using the transect method in Baohua Mountain, Jiangsu. A total of 7 surveys monitored butterflies belonging to 5 families, 47 genera and 62 species. The Shannon Wieners Diversity Index, Margalef’s richness index and Pielou’s evenness index of forest are higher than those of tea garden and vegetable garden, while the Simpson’s dominance index of tea garden is the highest. The functional richness index (Fric) and the quadratic entropy RaoQ are both markedly higher than those of the other two land use types, but the Fric of vegetable garden is significantly higher than that of tea garden. There is no significant difference between the functional divergence index (Fdiv) and the functional evenness index (Feve) in the three land use types. There is a clear correlation between the species and functional diversity of butterfly communities and vegetation types and their spatial and temporal variation. Human activities such as land use change has negative effects on butterfly community diversity.
Key words:  Baohua mountain  Butterfly  Biodiversity  Functional diversity  Correlation