引用本文:熊梅君,高庚申,安宏锋,王之明,安霖钰.水生态系统健康评价研究进展[J].环境监控与预警,2023,15(3):89-97
XIONG Meijun, GAO Gengshen, AN Hongfeng, WANG Zhiming,AN Linyu.Research Progress on Health Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystems[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2023,15(3):89-97
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水生态系统健康评价研究进展
熊梅君,高庚申,安宏锋,王之明,安霖钰1,2
1.贵州省生态环境监测中心,贵州 贵阳 550000;2.贵州省环境科学研究设计院,贵州 贵阳 550000
摘要:
河湖水环境管理与生态系统健康评价密切相关,水生态系统健康评价是目前水环境管理重要的技术手段之一,可为合理开发利用水资源和水环境生态恢复提供科学指导,对水生态环境监测和管理具有重要意义。列举当前国内外研究河湖水生态系统健康的方法与技术,通过对比分析国内外河湖水生态系统健康评价的评价指标和优缺点,总结了常用的几种评价方法并展开评述,提出未来河湖生态管理的发展方向,为推进水环境治理等工作提供相应的参考。
关键词:  水生态系统  健康评价  研究进展
DOI:
分类号:X171.1
基金项目:科技部基础调查专项(2019FY101900);贵州省科技厅项目([2020]6009)
Research Progress on Health Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystems
XIONG Meijun, GAO Gengshen, AN Hongfeng, WANG Zhiming,AN Linyu1,2
1. Guizhou Provincial Ecological Environmental Monitoring Center, Guiyang,Guizhou 550000, China;2.Guizhou Institute of Environmental Science Research and Design, Guiyang,Guizhou 550000, China
Abstract:
River and lake water environment management is closely related to ecosystem health assessment. Water ecosystem health assessment is one of the important technical means of water environment management at present, which provides scientific guidance for water resources utilization and ecological restoration, and plays an important role in monitoring and management of water ecological environment In this paper, the methods and techniques used to study river and lake water ecosystem health at home and abroad were listed, and the evaluation indexes, advantages and disadvantages of river and lake water ecosystem health were compared and analyzed Several commonly used evaluation methods were summarized and their research methods were reviewed The development direction of river and lake ecological management in the future is put forward to provide reference for promoting water environment management.
Key words:  Water ecosystem  Health assessment  Research progress