引用本文:张翼翔,贾岳清,杜祯宇,杨勇杰,吴忠祥,张国忠.全国土壤污染状况详查质量管理工作经验及建议[J].环境监控与预警,2023,(1):1-8
ZHANG Yi-xiang, JIA Yue-qing, DU Zhen-yu, YANG Yong-jie, WU Zhong-xiang, ZHANG Guo-zhong.Experiences and Suggestions of Quality Management for Detailed Investigation of Soil Pollution Status in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2023,(1):1-8
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全国土壤污染状况详查质量管理工作经验及建议
张翼翔,贾岳清,杜祯宇,杨勇杰,吴忠祥,张国忠
国家环境分析测试中心,北京 100029
摘要:
综述了国内外土壤调查相关质量保证与质量控制工作概况。针对2016—2021年全国土壤污染状况详查(简称“土壤详查”)工作特点,明确了土壤详查质量保证与质量控制技术路线及方法,总结了其在强力协调、全面指导、过程协同、信息化应用、创新质控手段等方面的成功经验,提出了深入挖掘土壤详查质量管理成果、加强土壤环境监测分析方法研究、加强土壤质量控制样品和标准物质研制、研究建立土壤环境调查单位分级评价体系、持续探索日常土壤环境调查质量控制工作模式等相关建议,以期为后续土壤调查的质量管理提供参考。
关键词:  土壤污染详查  质量保证  质量控制  环境管理
DOI:
分类号:X53
基金项目:全国土壤污染状况调查数据统计分析(72110399001001)
Experiences and Suggestions of Quality Management for Detailed Investigation of Soil Pollution Status in China
ZHANG Yi-xiang, JIA Yue-qing, DU Zhen-yu, YANG Yong-jie, WU Zhong-xiang, ZHANG Guo-zhong
National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement,Beijing 100029, China
Abstract:
This paper reviews the quality managements of soil investigations at home and abroad. According to the characteristic of The Detailed Investigation of Soil Pollution Status in China been carried on 2016—2021, the technical route for quality assurance and quality control have been formed, and successful experiences on strong coordination, comprehensive guidance, process coordination, information technology application, innovative quality control measurements are summarized. This paper also puts forward relevant suggestions from the aspects of in depth study of the quality management achievements, strengthening the research of analysis methods, developing quality control samples and reference materials, establishing a hierarchical evaluation system for relevant third party participants, and continuously exploring the quality control mechanism for daily soil environmental surveys, so as to provide reference for the quality management of follow up soil investigation.
Key words:  The Detailed Investigation of Soil Pollution Status in China  Quality assurance  Quality control  Environmental management