引用本文:曹宇,王江飞,雷晶,裴淑玮,李旭华,刘丽颖,张娟,王东,余若祯.我国生态环境监测标准现状、问题及建议[J].环境监控与预警,2023,15(4):97-102
CAO Yu,WANG Jiangfei,LEI Jing,PEI Shuwei,LI Xuhua,LIU Liying,ZHANG Juan,WANG Dong,YU Ruozhen.Current Situation, Problems and Suggestions of Ecological Environment Monitoring Standards in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2023,15(4):97-102
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我国生态环境监测标准现状、问题及建议
曹宇1,2,王江飞3,雷晶1,2,裴淑玮1,2,李旭华1,2,刘丽颖1,2,张娟4,5,王东5,余若祯1,2*
1.中国环境科学研究院,北京 100012;2.生态环境部环境标准研究所,北京 100012; 3.浙江省生态环境监测中心,浙江 杭州 310012;4.重庆市生态环境监测中心,重庆 401147; 5.生态环境部生态环境监测司,北京 100006
摘要:
简述了我国生态环境监测标准的基本情况、分类及数量占比。分析了生态环境监测标准制修订过程中存在的问题,包括:配套环境监管存在缺项、对生态环境保护专项支撑不够、标准更新不及时、标准效力受限、同一目标物质的多种监测方法缺乏等效性评价、标准制修订周期较长、生物和生态遥感监测标准薄弱等。提出了加快标准制修订工作进度、建立评估复审机制和基准方法体系、加强新污染物监测科学研究等工作建议。
关键词:  生态环境监测  环境监测标准  监管  标准制修订
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2023.04.016
分类号:X830
基金项目:生态环境部国家生态环境监测网络建设与运行工作项目
Current Situation, Problems and Suggestions of Ecological Environment Monitoring Standards in China
CAO Yu1,2, WANG Jiangfei3, LEI Jing1,2, PEI Shuwei1,2,LI Xuhua1,2, LIU Liying1,2, ZHANG Juan4,5,WANG Dong5,YU Ruozhen1,2*
1.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; 2.Environmental Standard Institute,MEE, Beijing 100012, China; 3.Zhejiang Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Center, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310012, China; 4. Chongqing Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Center,Chongqing 401147,China; 5.Department of Ecological and Environmental Monitoring, MEE, Beijing 100006, China
Abstract:
The basic situation, classification, and quantity proportion of ecological environmental monitoring standards in China are briefly described. The problems existing in the preparation and revision of ecological environment monitoring standards are analyzed, including: lack of methods matching environmental supervision, insufficient support for special projects of ecological environment protection, untimely standard updating, limited standard effectiveness, lack of equivalence evaluation for multiple monitoring methods for the same target substance, long standard preparation and revision cycles, and weak biological and ecological remote sensing monitoring standards. It is suggested accelerating the progress of standard formulation and revision, establishing an evaluation and review mechanism and benchmark method system, and strengthening scientific research on monitoring new pollutants.
Key words:  Ecological environment monitoring  Environmental monitoring standards  Supervision  Standard preparation and revision