引用本文:王姗姗,张然,申华杰,董圆媛,王晨波,崔冬妮,成淑妍.里下河典型区域渔业养殖水质及其对地表水环境质量影响分析[J].环境监控与预警,2024,(1):94-99
WANG Shanshan,ZHANG Ran,SHEN Huajie,Dong Yuanyuan,WANG Chenbo,CUI Dongni,CHENG Shuyan.Analysis of Water Quality of Aquaculture and Its Impact on Surface Water Environmental Quality in Typical Area of Lixia River[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2024,(1):94-99
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里下河典型区域渔业养殖水质及其对地表水环境质量影响分析
王姗姗1,2,张然1,2,申华杰3,董圆媛1,王晨波1*,崔冬妮4,成淑妍1
1.江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019;2.江苏省太湖水质监测中心站,江苏 南京 210019;3. 江苏省泰州环境监测中心,江苏 泰州 225300;4.江苏省南京环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019
摘要:
对渔业养殖水体进行监测分析,是评估养殖污染源对地表水环境质量影响的重要依据。选取里下河典型地区兴化市的养殖池塘和地表水断面作为研究对象,采用手工监测、相关性分析、三维荧光指纹和风险商值法等技术和分析方法,对养殖池塘和地表水断面水质开展研究。结果表明:养殖水体水质总体劣于地表水断面,养殖尾水排放达标率为89.7%,主要影响指标为pH值;Y1和Y2池塘对S1断面的高锰酸盐指数具有负面贡献;以养殖尾水为代表的农业源是影响S1断面水质的主要污染来源;地表水和养殖水体中林可酰胺类抗生素检出率均达100%,四环素类和头孢类抗生素在该地区养殖活动中的使用较多。风险商值法评估结果显示,Y2池塘养殖水体受磺胺甲恶唑影响的生态风险较高。
关键词:  渔业养殖  地表水  环境质量  抗生素
DOI:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2024.01.015
分类号:X824
基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金项目(2202,2204)
Analysis of Water Quality of Aquaculture and Its Impact on Surface Water Environmental Quality in Typical Area of Lixia River
WANG Shanshan1,2, ZHANG Ran1,2, SHEN Huajie3, Dong Yuanyuan1, WANG Chenbo1*, CUI Dongni4, CHENG Shuyan1
1.Jiangsu Provincial Environmental Monitoring Center, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019, China;2.Taihu Water Quality Monitoring Center Station, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019, China;3.Taizhou Environmental Monitoring Center of Jiangsu Province, Taizhou, Jiangsu 225300, China;4. Nanjing Environmental Monitoring Center of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019, China
Abstract:
Monitoring and analysis of aquaculture water is an important basis for assessing the effect of aquaculture pollution sources on environmental quality of surface water. The water quality of aquaculture ponds and surface water sections in Xinghua, a typical area of Lixia River, was analyzed by techniques and analysis methods including manual monitoring, correlation analysis, three dimensional fluorescence and risk quotients method. The results revealed that the water quality of aquaculture water was generally worse than that of surface water sections. The water quality of aquaculture ponds and surface water sections was researched. 89.7% of the discharged aquaculture water met the requirements set by relative standard, pH value was the main influence factor. Y1 and Y2 ponds showed negative impact on permanganate index of S1 section. Agricultural sources represented by aquaculture water are the main pollution sources affecting the water quality of S1 section. The detection rate of Lincosamides in surface water and aquaculture water both reached 100%,tetracycline and cephalosporin antibiotics were consumed more in the aquaculture activities in this area. Risk quotients evaluation results showed superior threat risk of sulfamethoxazole of aquaculture water in Y2 pond.
Key words:  Aquaculture  Surface water  Environmental quality  Antibiotics