引用本文:孙海涛,黄辉,朱宇芳,张旭.兴化里下河湿地越冬期鸟类多样性调查与研究[J].环境监控与预警,2023,15(4):14-22
SUN Haitao,HUANG Hui,ZHU Yufang,ZHANG Xu.Investigation and Research of Birds Diversity in Xinghua Lixiahe Wetland during Wintering Period[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2023,15(4):14-22
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兴化里下河湿地越冬期鸟类多样性调查与研究
孙海涛1,2,黄辉1,2,朱宇芳1,2,张旭1,2
1.江苏省泰州环境监测中心,江苏 泰州 225300; 2.江苏省土壤有机污染物监测重点实验室,江苏 泰州 225300
摘要:
为了解兴化里下河湿地退渔还湿后越冬期的鸟类多样性状况,于2021年12月—2022年3月,采用样线法对兴化里下河湿地公园及其附近1处水产养殖塘的鸟类群落结构及多样性进行了调查分析。选取芦苇、藕塘、森林、库塘/水产养殖塘4种典型生境类型进行研究,共记录到14目31科48属69种鸟类,其中国家级保护鸟类9种,国家一级重点保护鸟类2种,为东方白鹳(Ciconia boyciana)和黑脸琵鹭(Platalea minor);列入《世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)受威胁物种红色名录》的受威胁鸟类6种;列入《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》(CITES)附录Ⅰ鸟类的1种、附录Ⅱ的5种。兴化里下河湿地公园内主要越冬水鸟有东方白鹳、白琵鹭、小天鹅、凤头麦鸡、反嘴鹬、鹤鹬、骨顶鸡、夜鹭、绿翅鸭、针尾鸭、斑嘴鸭、红嘴鸥等。基于越冬鸟类的分布状况,对湿地公园的湿地修复和管理,以及加强该地区生物多样性监测、研究和保护等方面提出了建议。
关键词:  鸟类  物种多样性  越冬期  里下河湿地  兴化
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2023.04.003
分类号:X176
基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金项目(2215)
Investigation and Research of Birds Diversity in Xinghua Lixiahe Wetland during Wintering Period
SUN Haitao1,2, HUANG Hui1,2, ZHU Yufang1,2,ZHANG Xu1,2
1. Jiangsu Taizhou Environmental Monitoring Center,Taizhou,Jiangsu 225300,China; 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Soil Organic Pollutants Monitoring,Taizhou,Jiangsu 225300,China
Abstract:
In order to research the bird diversity during the wintering period of Lixiahe Wetland in Xinghua after returning fishinglands back to wetlands, the bird community structure and diversity of Xinghua Lixiahe Wetland Park and an aquaculture pond were investigated and analyzed by the sample line method from December 2021 to March 2022. A total of 69 species of birds from 48 genera, 31 families and 15 orders were recorded, including 9 species of national protected birds, among them, 2 species belong to first class national key protected birds,Ciconia boyciana and Platalea minor,and 6 species of dangerous birds listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1 species listed in Appendices Ⅰ, 5 species listed in Appendices Ⅱ of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. The main wintering waterbirds include Ciconia boyciana,Platalea leucorodia, Cygnus columbianus, Vanellus vanellus, Recurvirostra avosetta, Tringa erythropus, Fulica atra, Nycticorax nycticorax,Nas crecca, Anas acuta, Anas zonorhyncha, Chroicocephalus ridibundus,etc. Suggestions are put forward on the restoration and management of wetland park according to the distribution of wintering waterbirds, and strengthening the monitoring, research and protection of biodiversity in this area.
Key words:  Birds  Species diversity  Wintering period  Lixiahe Wetland  Xinghua