引用本文:王莹,王水.江苏省土壤污染重点监管单位管理现状与对策建议[J].环境监控与预警,2024,(1):104-108
WANG Ying, WANG Shui.Management Status and Countermeasures of Key Soil Pollution Supervision Units in Jiangsu Province[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2024,(1):104-108
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江苏省土壤污染重点监管单位管理现状与对策建议
王莹,王水*
江苏省环境科学研究院,江苏省土壤与地下水污染防控工程研究中心,江苏 南京 210036
摘要:
与水、大气污染相比,土壤污染具有隐蔽性、滞后性、累积性等特点,污染土壤治理恢复成本高、周期长、难度大,需要强化源头防控,防患于未然。简述了我国土壤污染重点监管单位的管理要求,从环境准入期、施工期、运营期和退役期4个环节梳理了重点监管单位的管理要点,分析了江苏省土壤污染重点监管单位的管理现状和存在问题,并从强化宣传培训,实施分类分级管理,探索开展边生产边管控技术模式,提升基层监管能力等方面提出了对策建议,以期为江苏省土壤环境管理工作提供决策参考。
关键词:  土壤污染  重点监管单位  管理  对策建议  江苏
DOI:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2024.01.017
分类号:X53
基金项目:中央生态环境资金项目(2020329900T1-20001)
Management Status and Countermeasures of Key Soil Pollution Supervision Units in Jiangsu Province
WANG Ying, WANG Shui*
Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Environmental Science,Jiangsu Province Engineering Research Center of Soil and Groundwater Pollution Prevention and Control,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210036,China
Abstract:
Compared with water and air pollution, soil pollution is characterized by concealment, hysteresis and accumulation, and the restoration of contaminated soil are costly, long cycle and difficult, so it is necessary to strengthen source prevention and control to prevent problems before they occur. This paper briefly describes the management requirements of key soil pollution supervision units in China, sorts out the management points of key soil pollution supervision units from the four links of environmental access period, construction period, operation period and decommissioning period, analyzes the management status and existing problems of key soil pollution supervision units in Jiangsu Province, and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions from the aspects of strengthening publicity and training, implementing categorical and hierarchical management, exploring and carrying out technical models of management and control while production, and improving the supervision capacity of grassroots management departments, in order to provide decision making reference for soil environmental management in Jiangsu Province.
Key words:  Soil pollution  Key supervision units  Management  Countermeasures and suggestions  Jiangsu