引用本文:宋兴伟,胡玲,张伟,武金发,邓磊.邻里噪声污染防治立法现状及江苏省立法建议[J].环境监控与预警,2024,(1):100-103
SONG Xingwei,HU Ling,ZHANG Wei,WU Jinfa,DENG Lei.The Current Situation of Neighborhood Noise Prevention and Control and Suggestions for Legislation in Jiangsu Province[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2024,(1):100-103
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邻里噪声污染防治立法现状及江苏省立法建议
宋兴伟1,胡玲1,张伟2,武金发1,邓磊1
1.江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019;2. 江苏省南京环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210019
摘要:
社会生活噪声污染来源多、成因复杂、影响范围广,对公众健康危害大。产生社会生活噪声污染纠纷时,其法律主体复杂,涉及部门多,受影响群众覆盖范围广,是社会各界较为关注的噪声类型之一。邻里噪声是社会生活噪声的重要组成部分。介绍了法国、德国、美国等国家邻里噪声的立法现状,我国国家层面有关邻里噪声的法律规定,以及地方邻里噪声的立法实践;系统分析了江苏省邻里噪声扰民的主要类型、特点和污染防治的现状;针对性地提出了邻里噪声污染防治的立法建议,可为江苏省噪声污染防治立法提供参考。
关键词:  邻里噪声  噪声污染防治  法律法规  立法建议  江苏
DOI:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2024.01.016
分类号:X839.1
基金项目:江苏省生态环境科研项目(2022021);江苏省生态环境监测科研基金项目(2317、2327)
The Current Situation of Neighborhood Noise Prevention and Control and Suggestions for Legislation in Jiangsu Province
SONG Xingwei1, HU Ling1, ZHANG Wei2, WU Jinfa1, DENG Lei1
1.Jiangsu Provincial Environmental Monitoring Center, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019, China;2. Nanjing Environmental Monitoring Center of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019, China
Abstract:
Due to the multiple sources of pollution, complex causes, and wide impact range, social noise poses a significant threat to public environmental health. As a result, its legal subjects are complex, involving the government departments, and covering the wide range of affected people, making it one of the concerned types in society. Neighborhood noise is an important component of social noise.This paper reviews the legislative status of neighborhood noise in France, Germany and the United States. It introduces the legal regulations and local legislative practice of neighborhood noise in China. It systematically analyzes the main types and characteristics of neighborhood noise and the current situation of pollution prevention in Jiangsu Province. Targeted legislative suggestions for neighborhood noise pollution prevention and control are proposed, providing reference for noise pollution prevention and control legislation in Jiangsu Province.
Key words:  Neighborhood noise  Noise pollution prevention and control  Laws and Regulations  Legislative recommenda tions  Jiangsu