引用本文:侯聪,邵红琪,毕艳孟,李维翠,曹丽洁.微塑料污染防治国际实践及对我国的启示[J].环境监控与预警,2024,(3):99-104
HOU Cong,SHAO Hongqi,BI Yanmeng,LI Weicui,CAO Lijie.International Practices of Microplastics Pollution Prevention and Their Enlightenments to China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2024,(3):99-104
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微塑料污染防治国际实践及对我国的启示
侯聪1,邵红琪2,毕艳孟3,李维翠2*,曹丽洁2
1.山东省生态环境监测中心,山东 济南 250101;2.山东省科学技术情报研究院,山东 济南 250101;3.天津城建大学环境与市政工程学院,天津 300384
摘要:
微塑料作为一类新污染物,已成为国际社会普遍关注的热点环境问题。欧美国家微塑料污染防治工作启动较早,具有丰富的实践经验,这对完善我国微塑料污染防治体系具有重要的借鉴意义。从制度建设、国际合作、监测评估、科学研究等方面梳理了国际社会微塑料污染防治的先进做法和实践经验,对比我国开展微塑料污染防治的相关政策和举措,分析了存在问题和短板;在此基础上,从强化顶层设计、健全协调机制、完善监测体系、重视科技支撑和加大宣传教育5个方面提出了对我国微塑料污染防治的启示。
关键词:  微塑料  政策  科技支撑  国际经验  启示
DOI:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6732.2024.03.016
分类号:X592
基金项目:天津市教委科研计划项目(2021KJ001)
International Practices of Microplastics Pollution Prevention and Their Enlightenments to China
HOU Cong1, SHAO Hongqi2, BI Yanmeng3, LI Weicui2*, CAO Lijie2
1.Shandong Provincial Eco environment Monitoring Center,Jinan, Shandong 250101 China; 2.Shandong Institute of Scientific and Technical Information,Jinan,Shandong 250101, China; 3.School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering,Tianjin Chengjian University,Tianjin 300384,China
Abstract:
Microplastics,as a novel type of pollutant,have become a hot environmental issue in the international community. The prevention of microplastics pollution in developed countries started earlier,which has important reference significance for China to improve the prevention system of microplastics pollution. This paper reviews foreign advanced practices and practical experience in the prevention of microplastics pollution from the aspects of system construction,international cooperation,monitoring and evaluation,scientific research,summarizes China's relevant policies and practices in the prevention of microplastics pollution,and the problems and shortcomings of China's policies and practices were discussed. On this basis,the enlightenments of the prevention and control of microplastics pollution in developed countries to China were put forward.
Key words:  Microplastics  Policy  Scientific and technological support  International practice  Enlightenment